Tag Archives: Waste

Saida’s disappointing waste management experience

Source: Omar Yashruti/MOE

Last month, a sea turtle was found dead floating in reddish water in the midst of plastic bags and other garbage off the coast of the southern town of Sidon. The source of the solid waste pollution is the IBC Municipal Solid Waste Treatment Center that is located in the southern outskirts of Sidon.

The facility was once considered a bright example of solid waste management, as a model of success that should be followed throughout Lebanon. In the October 2015 edition of the Blom Bank’s The Lebanon Brief, the newsletter states that the plant “is a waste to energy plant, which 100% of the municipal waste received is recycled, re-used and converted, approaching 0% landfill.” The newsletter continues, “the method followed by IBC can be adopted all over Lebanon, to solve the waste crisis threatening the country”. The official IBC website claims that this facility is first of its kind in the world and its aim is to reach zero-waste.

The euphoria of the facility was during the waste crisis of July 2015. The city of Sidon, like most of Lebanon, had a severe solid waste problem for decades. The removal of the garbage mountain, and a facility promising to manage the waste in a sustainable matter turned Sidon into a “role model for waste management.” However, the promise was never realized and locals complained about the foul smell and the waste accumulating on the coastline.

On top of the deterioration of the environment and threat to public health, there is an important economic perspective to this story. The facility serves 16 municipalities of the Saida-Zahrani area on a five-year contract. For the first two years, the facility would make USD 85 per ton of waste managed. This fee would increase to USD 95 for the subsequent three years. In the first year the facility was treating 150-200 tons of a waste a day, making an estimated USD 3,366,000 to 4,488,000 in the first year. The facility was supposedly also making money from selling recovered material and recycled plastic from their plastic recycling line. A big portion of their revenue, the solid waste management fees, is paid by the municipalities. The fact that waste is accumulating is a breach of contract, yet there has been no evidence that they have been penalized for this breach. The Mayor of Sidon gave them a four-month deadline to sort this problem; however, the operators have not respected past deadlines before. So far, no one has been held accountable for the squandering of these public funds.

A facility of this size should be subject to regular monitoring inspections. The real problem is that the situation should not have reached the point of waste accumulating on the coastline. According to the operator of the facility, the plant has been operating over capacity because it has been receiving waste from Beirut, which should never have been allowed. Under article 39 of Law 444, the Environmental Protection Law, the Ministry of Environment is responsible for supervising the waste management process in Lebanon. While it is unclear if the facility was being properly supervised or audited and how, it is evident that supervision mechanism has failed. This highlights the importance of a transparent monitoring process. Since this is paid for by public funds, and the environmental impacts affect everyone, the results of monitoring activities should be made public.

It is stories like this that make people resistant to living near a solid waste facility. The lack of regulations and accountability are the main reasons why the government had so much difficulties selecting the locations of the landfill. However, the silver lining is that this experience should highlight the importance of sorting at the source, i.e. at the household or office, as well as waste reduction practices, which would minimize the flow of waste to large waste management facilities and improve their efficiency. Without them, it is clear that solid waste will continue to accumulate at various locations and deteriorate our health and that of the environment.

The Bourj Hammoud debacle

Image result for bourj hammoud landfill

Source: Executive Magazine

Last month, news emerged of waste being disposed into the sea near the Bourj Hammoud landfill. The Minister of Environment stated that the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR) was responsible: “The contract between the contractor and the Council for Development and Reconstruction stipulates that trash from this landfill would be disposed of at sea.” Supposedly, the purpose of this process would be to reclaim land. Continue reading

Are the new landfills already polluting Beirut’s sea?

Image result for aub beach

Source: AUB

Last week, the American University of Beirut warned their faculty and staff not to swim in the AUB beach through an email stating that the “level of bacteria exceeded the acceptable limits for bathing water quality”. A week later, AUB sent out another email stating that the water is now safe for swimming because the “bacteria dropped to acceptable bathing water quality limit.” Continue reading

Is Beirut ready to burn its waste?

Image result for waste incineration beirut

Source: Daily Star

As we approach the second year after the closing of the Naameh Landfill, little progress has been made towards developing and implementing a comprehensive solid waste management plan for Beirut and Mount Lebanon. The plan of the previous Lebanese government, two landfills to replace the Naameh landfill, is on the brink of collapse. The Costa Brava landfill is supposed to be closed next month after a Lebanese court ordered its permanent closure in four months last January. Over the weekend, demonstrators blocked the entrance of the landfill protesting the environmental pollution caused by the landfill. The second landfill in Bourj Hammoud is currently being challenged in court. Last week, the case was adjourned for one month as experts conduct an environmental study of the landfill. Continue reading

Environmental justice makes a rare appearance in Lebanon

Image result for costa brava landfill birds lebanon

Source: Lebanese National News Agency

On January 31st 2017, a Lebanese court ordered the permanent closure of the Costa Brava landfill in four months. The issue was brought to a court by a group of plaintiffs that consisted of lawyers and civilians living near the landfill. The landfill was ordered to be closed to preserve a healthy environment and to protect the safety of the passengers that use the only international airport in the country. Continue reading

More alarming data on health implications of Lebanon’s waste crisis

Image result for trash burning lebanon

Source: Daily Star

The waste crisis that started in July 2015 has still not been fully resolved. In March 2016, eight months after the crisis, the government announced a new solid waste management plan for Beirut and Mount and Lebanon. The government tried to develop more than one solution but eventually agreed on maintaining the same solid waste management principle that created this crisis which is based on landfilling. As explained in a blog post last June, the process of selecting the locations for the proposed landfills was not transparent, lacked basic environmental selection criteria and seemed to be purely dependent on political bargaining. Despite public resistance, two new landfills in Bourj Hammoud and Costa Brava (south of Beirut) are being constructed to receive the bulk of the waste that used to be disposed of in the Naameh landfill. Continue reading

Environmental oversight of Beirut’s new landfills

While trash has stopped accumulating in the streets of Beirut, the waste crisis has still not been completely resolved. Last March, the government agreed on reopening the Naameh landfill for two months and establishing two new landfills, one in Costa Brava south of Beirut and another in Burj Hammoud. The Naameh Landfill was briefly reopened to receive the waste that had mounted up in makeshift dumpsites since its closure last July. The government has also issued a tender for a recycling facility that serves Beirut and Mount Lebanon. Continue reading